The Rice Family
of Gallia and Lawrence County, Ohio.

by Linda Trent
linda_trent@att.net

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copyright September 20, 2009


Laura Ellen "Ella" Rice was born May 4, 1876 in Lawrence County, Ohio1 2  She was the daughter of Charles and Delila[h] Clarkson Rice.  1 2 Delilah was the daughter of Abner Clarkson and his wife Isabell Hall. 3 Ella married William O. Hixon August 19, 1896 in Lawrence County, Ohio. 4 William was the son of George F. and Alcinda Morgan Hixon. 5  Ella died of consumption on October 12, 1902 in Lawrence County, Ohio. 6 

Ella and William had three children

1.  Elmer Edward 7 Hixon was born March 9, 1897 in Symmes Twp., Lawrence County, Ohio. 8 He married Hazel Inez 7 Simpson the daughter of Jonathan and Louisa [illegible], on March 10, 1925 in Lawrence County. 9  At the time he was married he was living in Detroit, Michigan where he was a salesman.  9
2.  Emil Hixon was born October 6, 1898 in Scioto County, Ohio10  1900 Census does show the family in Scioto County. 11
3.  Bessie Mae Hixon was born May 16, 1901 in Springfield Twp., Clark County, Ohio 12  Being one month shy of her 18th birthday, she was considered a minor and her father had to sign her marriage license.  Bessie married Walton Tope on April 16, 1919 in Springfield, Clark County, Ohio. 12  She passed away on January 17, 1951 at Grant Hospital in Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio. 13

At the time of Ella's death Elmer was 5 years, 7 months and 3 days old, Emil was 4 years and 6 days, and Bessie was 1 year, 4  months, and 26 days.  The family story is that William, now a widower, didn't feel adequate raising a young lady by himself, so he gave her to his sister Hattie Hixon and her husband William Sherman Wright to raise.  Hattie, being a lady, knew more about being a lady than he did and he figured that she'd do a good job raising her.  Even after William remarried on October 28, 1905, he left Bessie with her Aunt Hattie, who by now had her own son William Elroy Wright.  William never deserted Bessie though, as he moved to Clark County and was a part of her life, as her marriage record can attest.

Charles W. Rice

Charles W. Rice was born in Kentucky on April 29, 1838.  His parents were William and Sarah Lynam (Limon). 14  I have been unable to establish Charles' whereabouts for the 1840 and 1850 census, but found him in the 1860.  There is a William Rice living in Jackson County, Ohio, and has children the right ages, but he continues to be there in the 1850 and 1860 census, where his wife and children are named, and he is not the right one.  There is a Charles W. Rice living in Bath County, KY in 1850, but the same Charles shows up in the 1860 census still in Bath County, Ky, and his name is C. Wallace Rice, age 21, and he's listed with the same parents as in '50.  The first I see my Charles is 1860 in Lawrence County, Ohio.  What is so interesting is that his parents are not living together.  His mother is living with him in Arabia along with his two brothers; 15  there is a 65 year old William Rice also living in Arabia but is staying at the home of a 65 year old collier, William Milliron, but more on that under William & Sarah.  16  Charles married Delilah Clarkson on July 30, 1864, in Lawrence County, Ohio. 17  Delilah's parents were Abner Clarkson and Isabell Hall. 18  Abner and Isabell married November 18, 1830. 19

1860 census enumeration date June 1, 1860.  In the 1860 census, Charles is the head of household at age 22, and is worth $150.  His place of birth is listed as Kentucky.  His mother "Sarah" is listed beneath him in the same household.  Sarah is 60 years old and was born in Kentucky.  And following Sarah in the same household are two of her sons (brothers of Charles) Thomas J age 24 born in Kentucky, and David age 17 born in Ohio.  Now, if that is true that David was born in Ohio, then that would place his parents in Ohio sometime between 1838 and 1843, but I don't have proof that this is true.

Charles enlisted in the service of the United States on January 20th, 1862, as a private in Company I of the 53rd Reg't of the Ohio Volunteer Infantry.   He was honorably discharged on August 4th, 1863 at Camp Dennison.  While at "Pittsburg Landing in the state of Tennessee on or about 20 [26] March 1862, from exposure contracted cold, fever and diarrhoea.  Said diarrhoea continued and became chronic and said cold and fever settled in his system causing general debility.  Since leaving the army he has suffered with said diarrhoea and general debility and is greatly disqualified for manual labor.  Received hospital treatment as follows: Pittsburg Landing and Camp Dennison.  He has not been in the military or naval, marine or civil service of the United States since the 4th day of August, 1863.  Since leaving the service he resided mostly at or near Lawrence Co., Ohio.  His occupation has been Farmer.  When enrolled he was a Farmer... His post office address is Waterloo, County of Lawrence, State of Ohio." 20  Pittsburg Landing A.K.A. the bloody Battle of Shiloh was fought in Hardin County, Tennessee.

Also "On the Muster Roll of Co. I, of that regiment from Muster in, to April 30th, 1862, he is reported Present without remark.  No returns on file for Mar & Apr. 62.  MR May & June 1862 [illeg] him under head Deserters, and among men who left Regt  at Shiloh May 8, 1862 on sick leave.  Spec Muster August 18, 1862.  Left Regt May 8, 1862.  When last heard from, at Hosp. Covington, Ky.--Same to Aug 31, 62.  Sept & Oct. 1862.  In Cinn Hosp.  Same to Feb. 28, 63.  Mar & Apr 63 At Camp Chase, O.  Sick [ab?] sick to June 30, 63.  MOR of Co reports him Discharged at Camp Dennison, O Aug 4/63 on cert of disability.  Regt. was at Shiloh Apr. 30, 62." 20

A book on the history of the 53rd Reg't OVI reads as follows, "Day of arms, loaded on steamer 'Anglo-Saxon' and went down the Tennessee River.  Owing to spring rains the Tennessee was on a 'high lonesome,' and at several places more than bank full.  On account of the muddy condition of the river, the 'boys' called it 'soup,' and from its use for several days diarrhea followed to an alarming extent.  The 'boys' diagnosed the disease as the 'Tennessee quickstep.' Almost all of them suffered more or less, some severely, from that disease.  This reduced strength of regt. by at least 25%.  The debilitated conditions of the patients made them susceptible to a grave type of typho-malarial fever which was fatal in many cases.  March 20-April 1st sick roll of regt. aggregated 225. Aboard transport 12 days.  On March 20th went into camp on what was called the McCulloch farm, afterwards made famous by battle and marked on maps as the Rhea farm.  Spring water made disease worse... in a few days 2/3 regt. reported unfit for duty....  no preparation was made for a battle; none of the sick were removed to the rear; teams and army supplies were not ordered back; in fact, the necessary preparations for conflict were totally ignored." 21

Also, on a pension record we have the following information about Charles and Delilah.
“First.  Are you married?  If so, please state your wife’s full name and her maiden name.
Answer.  Delilah Rice maiden name Delila Clarkson.
Second.  When, where, and by whom were you married?
Answer.  Married July 31, 1864 Symmes Twp., Lawrence Co O. Geo. Bandey, J.P.
Third.  What record of marriage exists? 
Answer. Ironton, O.
Fourth.  Were you previously married?  If so, please state the name of your former wife and the date and place of her death or divorce.
Answer.  Never maried but once.
Fifth.  Have you any children living?  If so, please state their names and the dates of their birth.
Answer. Mary Rice Borned August 8, 1865.  John F. Rice Borned June 12, 1867. Alfred F[?] Rice Borned July 1, 1871. Laura Elen Rice Borned May 4, 1876. Bertha Rice Borned July 25, 1880. William Rice Borned Aug 30, 1884.  Ernest B. Rice Borned April 12, 1887.  Archie Rice Borned April 15, 1892.  Date of Reply, June 4, 1898.  It's interesting that Ada was born in 1895 and shows up on the 1900 census, and yet her father didn't list her as a child.

July 30, 1864 Charles married Delilah Clarkson. 17  They had 9 children:

1.  Mary J. Rice born August 8, 1865
2.  John F. Rice born June 12, 1867

One interesting side fact from the Ironton Register Thursday November 17, 1864 -- "Names of Symmes Township Voters... who endorsed their tickets and voted for Abraham Lincoln."  Among the many names were "Charles W. Rice... Samuel Clarkson, Sr... and Abner Clarkson."

1870 census enumeration date June 1, 1870.  In 1870 Charles is still living in Symmes Twp., in Lawrence County, only now the PO has changed to Aid.  Charles W. Rice age 32 Farming, no recorded real estate value, and $150 personal property.  He was born in Kentucky.  Delilah age 24 Keeping House born in Ohio, and two children Mary J age 4 at home born in Ohio, and John F. age 3 at home born in Ohio. And mother Sarah age 69 unoccupied born in Kentucky (1801).

3. Alfred Rice born July 1, 1871
4. Anna Rosella Rice born August 22, 1873 22
5. Laura Ellen Rice born May 4, 1876

1880  enumeration date June 1, 1880.  Charles was living in Ohio, Lawrence, Symmes Twp., District 96.  He's a 42 years old laborer.  He's listed as being born in Ohio, as was his father.  His mother is listed as being born in Ohio.  Delila is listed as his wife, she keeps house, and both she and her parents were born in Ohio.  Their sons and daughters are listed as: Mary age 14 (1865 - not yet had her birthday), John age 13 (1867), Alfred age 9 (1871), Anna age  7 (1873), Ella age 5 (she'd just had her birthday and should only be 4).

6. Bertha Rice July 25, 1880
7. William O. Rice August 30, 1884
8. Ernest B. Rice April 12, 1887

1890 census Charles W. Rice. Private. Company I, 53rd Ohio Infantry.  Enlisted January 20, 1862, Discharged August 4, 1863.  1 year, 6 months, 14 days.  His  post office was Sherritts, and his disability incurred was diarrhea.

9. Archie E. Rice April 15, 1892
10. Ada M. born March 1895 23

1900 census enumeration date 1st day of June, 1900.  Charles W. Rice is age 62 born April 1838, number of years married 35, he and his parents were born in Kentucky, he was a farmer, he can read, write, and speak English.  He owned his own home, but had a mortgage.
Delila was born July 1846, and was 53 years old.  She was the mother of 11 children, 9 still living.  She was born in Ohio, her father in Pennsylvania, and her mother in Ohio.  Those children still living at home include: 1. Alfred born July 1871 age 28 single.  He, like his siblings, was single, born in Ohio, their father was born in Kentucky and their mother in Ohio.  Alfred was a farm laborer. 2. Bertha F. was born July 1880 age 19.  3. Willie O. born August 1884 age 15 At school.  4. Earnest B. was 13 born April 1887, and was At School. 5. Archie E. was born April 1892 age 8, he was not yet at school, and is the first of the family to be listed as unable to read or write (but then he and Ada weren't in school, either). 6. Ada M. born March 1895 age 5

Charles died June 12, 1909, in Ironton, Lawrence County, Ohio.  His cause of death was listed as chronic diarrhea.  Duration?  "many years" (no doubt resulting from his time in Tennessee, during the Civil War). 

1910 census enumeration date April 15, 1910.  Delila [on ancestry.com she's Oella] head of household, female, 62 years old, widowed, had 9 children, 6 still living, born in Ohio, father in Pennsylvania, and mother in Ohio, she reads and writes, and rents a home.  Living with her are her children named as follows: The first son appears to be Alfred F. age 29 (b. 1881) but that would be incorrect as Alfred would have been 39 (b. 1871), the other children are William O, age 26 (1884), Ernest B, age 23 (1887),  Archie E. age 18 (1892).  Each of the sons were laborers and worked in a sawmill on their own account (i.e. not actual employees).  Also still living with her mother was Ady age 15 (1895).  A grandson Curtis Bradshaw age 7 also lived with the family.

1920 census enumeration date January 1, 1920.  Delila appears in the census for the final time.  Her information is not as accurate as previous census records have been.  Rice, Delilah head of household, she still owns her own home, but it is mortgaged, she's a 73 year old widow, her whole family is able to read and write.  Her birth place is listed as Ohio, her father appears to be from Indiania [sic], and her mother is from the United States.  She has three sons living with her, all of them were born in Ohio and their father is from Kentucky and mother from Ohio, and all single.  Albert age 48, gardener works in a garden, and worked on his own account (as did his brothers living in the same household).  William O. age 35 and a timer[?] at a sawmill.  And finally Earnest B age 32, laborer at a sawmill.

Delila passed away March 12, 1921 in Ironton, Ohio. She was 74 years, 8 months, and 12 days old, being born on July 6, 1846.  She was born in Lawrence County, Ohio.  Her parents names are incorrect on her death certificate, as her son William gave Chas. Rice as her father and an unknown mother.  Well Chas. Rice was her husband.  Her parents name comes from her mother's will,  Isabell Hall and  Abner Clarkston. 3

"Mrs. Delilah Rice, aged 74 years, 8 months and 6 days, one of Lawrence county's  highly esteemed and beloved residents, died at her home at 3029 Fifth and Lorain streets, Sunday morning after a very brief illness.  She had been in poor health for some time, but the illness directly responsible for her death was of but a few days' duration.  Mrs. Rice's husband, Charles Rice, died about twelve years ago in the same house.  The Rices were formerly of near Sheritts, this county, where they owned and resided on a fine farm.  No family in all the county has enjoyed wider esteem.  Mr. and Mrs. Rice were parents of nine children, six of whom are still living as follows: John of Springfield, O., Mrs. Bertha Rice and Archie Rice of Detroit, Mich., Al, Will and Earnie Rice at home.
"Mrs. Rice was a thorough christian woman, having been converted when a mere girl.  She was a faithful wife and mother, a beloved and generous friend and companion.  All the children are here for the funeral which will be held at 9:30 tomorrow morning at Sydensticker M.E. church, with Rev. Mr. Davisson in [Pales]tine cemetery, near the old home under the direction of Bingaman & Jones." 24

William and Sarah Lyman Rice.

William Rice was born between 1780 and 1795, in Kentucky.  He married Sarah Lyman on January 1, 1827. 25 I've heard it said that his parents are Charles and Mary Toney Rice, but I have not personally seen the documentation to back this up.  I firmly believe Sarah is the daughter of Andrew Lynam and Elizabeth Greene.  An Andrew Lyman left a will in Bath County that listed among other things, "I give to my daughter Sally 26 Rice." 27

The 1830 Bath County, Ky census shows a William Rice, but alas, it only gives slash marks, and no indication as to who was the head of household.  There are two older men one aged 30-40 (b. 1790-1800) and the other age 40-50 (b. 1780-1790).  The oldest female is aged 20-30 (b. 1800-1810).  There is one male child less than five years old.  One of these two slash marks is most likely our William, but which one but is difficult to tell without names and dates.

William and Sarah had five children: Richard, Lucinda, Thomas Jefferson, Charles W. and David.

1. Richard Rice 1831  (lived next door to Sarah, and was 29 years old).  15
2. Lucinda Rice May 14, 1833, in Bath County, Kentucky, died September 18, 1913 in Busseyville, Lawrence County, Kentucky.  She was
  80 years, 4 months, and 4 days at the time of death.  Her father was listed as William Rice born in VA, and her mother was Sarah Limon born
  in Kentucky.  A
3. Thomas J[efferson] Rice about 1836 (lived with Sarah age 24) 15
4. Charles W. Rice April 29, 1838 in Kentucky  B

1840 None of the "William Rice"s (or "Wm Rice"s) in Kentucky have enough young boys to be the right one, and if they do the head of household is far too young.  In Ohio I ran into the same problems.  There was one possibility, except  in 1850 we learn William's wife is Nancy, and none of the children have the right names.  They are Robert (15), James (14), Elsa W (12), William H. (10), Mildred (6).  So I have not found him in the 1840 census.  It is possible that he was skipped by the census taker.  It happened.  

5. David Rice about 1843 (lived with Sarah age 17) 15 

David's birth proves that *if* William didn't pass away and Sarah remarried that William should show up somewhere on the 1840 census.  Oh, and on the 1860 census it says that David was born in Ohio.  If that's true then the the family moved to Ohio between 1838 and 1843.

1850 I've not been able to find him here, either.

1860 It's interesting that I've not been able to find William in the census prior to 1860, and even then there are some questions left unanswered.  As I mentioned previously, there is a 65 year old William Rice in the same household as William Milliron.  Milliron was a 65 year old collier living in Arabia. He was recorded as being worth $200 real estate and $75 personal property.   Mary age 52, George W. age 23 a laborer, Josephine age 19, Rebecca Fausnott age 19 does not appear to be a member of the Milliron or Rice family (perhaps a niece of Milliron?, as she is not listed as housekeeper, either) , William Rice age 65 a laborer.  William Milliron, Mary, and William Rice were all born in Kentucky, the rest of the household was born in Ohio.

This William looks good as he is listed as being born about 1795 in Kentucky, and is living in the same community as Sarah and the boys, but why would he not living with his wife and sons?  Is this Wm. Milliron somehow related to him, or is he a boss, fellow worker?   Were William and Sarah estranged?  Or did our William die, and this is just some other William, and if so, when and where did he die, and why can I still not find Sarah or Sally on any of the census records?  The circumstantial evidence is pretty strong that he is our man.

1870 If  the William in the 1860 census was indeed the father of Charles, then he appears to have disappeared before the 1870 census (he would have been about 75 years old at the time).  So his date of death would have been sometime between the 1860 and 1870 census.

1870 Sarah still continues to live with Charles and his new family, and in 1880 it is possible that she may be living with non-family, but that's not completely clear.  In the 1880 census two things are off her age is given as 70 (she is a widow), but Ohio is given as her birthplace instead of Kentucky, however, she is a boarder and no direct relationship to the head of household, so it's possible that the informant to the enumerator was a little off (I've seen far worse on the census records over the years).  I have figure that Sarah passed away somewhere between the 1870 and 1890 census. I'd love to find an obituary or something for her.

Footnotes

1. Lawrence County Birth Records. "Laura E. Rice.  Father: Charles  Mother: Delilah Clarkson b. May 4, 1876 Symmes Twp., Lawrence County,  Ohio."
2. Pension File of Charles W. Rice.  Company I 53rd Reg't of the Ohio Volunteer Infantry.  One of his children is listed as "Laura Elen [sic] borned May 4, 1876.
3.  Application to Probate Will, Lawrence County, Ohio.  Will of Isabell Hall "Know all men by these presents that I Isabell
Clarkston wife of Abner Clarkston of the county of Lawrence and State of Ohio... Abner Clarkston has my right in the estate of John Hall and Delila Hall..."  Name of children as they appear on said document: Abigail Griffith, Delilah Rice and Thomas J. Clarkston, though I believe there were other children.
4.  Lawrence County Marriage Records "William O. Hixon and Ella Rice married August 19, 1896."
5. Gallia County Birth Records (side one) http://lindatrent.homestead.com/WmO_BC1.jpg (side 2) http://lindatrent.homestead.com/WmO_BC2.jpg
6.  Lawrence County Death Records "Ella Hixon married died Oct. 12 '02 age 26 years, 5 months, 7 days [May 5, 1876]
7.  Lawrence County Birth Records 1868-1938 Gives the parents of "George Golden Hixon" as "Elmer Edward" and "Hazel Inez Simpson" Hixon.
8.  Lawrence County Birth Records
9. Lawrence County Marriage Records.
10. Email correspondence with Leslie Hayes the 1900 census would confirm that the family had moved to Scioto County.
11. 1910 Census Ohio, Scioto, Bloom, District 104 pg. 31 of 45
12. Clark County Marriage Records Vol. 28 Pg. 397 #12516
13.  Ohio State Death Certificate
14.  Death Certificate of Charles W. Rice. http://lindatrent.homestead.com/Chas._W._Rice_Death_Certificate.jpg
15. 1860 Census Ohio, Lawrence, Symmes Twp., Arabia. Pg. 4 of 21
16. 1860 Census Ohio, Lawrence, Symmes Twp., Arabia Pg. 2 of 21
17.  Lawrence County Marriages Vol. 8 pg. 201.  In Charles' application for pension he gives his date of marriage as July 31st.  Delilah on her widow's pension gives the date as July 30th, and the Lawrence County Marriage Records also state the 30th.  So they were married on July 30th, 1864.
18.  Application to Probate Will In her will, Isabell Clarkson wrote: “Know all men by these presents that I Isabell Clarkston wife of Abner Clarkston of the County of Lawrence and State of Ohio here make and publish this my last will and testimont... “First it is my will that the above named Abner Clarkston has my right in the estate of John Hall and Delila Hall my father and mother dearest and that he the said Abner Clarkston my husband is hereby authorized and appointed by me to collect the above estate for the purpose of paying debts and for the maintaince of the children.  Given under my hand and seal on this 25 day of May A.D. 1852.”  According to Isabell's will, she and Abner had the following children:  Abigail Griffith, Delilah Rice, and Thomas J. Clarkson.  Why she didn't list her other children is a mystery to me.  A full list of children believed to belong to Isabell and Abner are Samuel (b. 1831), John M. (b. 1834), Abigail (b. 1838), William H. (1841), Thomas V (1843), and Delilah (1846).
19.  Lawrence County Marriage Index Books 1-3 Pg. 138
20.  Pension file of Charles W. Rice from the U.S. National Archives Company I of the 53rd Reg't of the Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
21. History of the Fifty-Third Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, During the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. by John K. Duke (Co. F). The Blade Printing Company, Portsmouth, Ohio, 1900. pg. 7 & 8.
22. Lawrence County Birth Records. 1868-1938 Birth Records N-R binders @ Briggs Library, Ironton, Lawrence County, Ohio.
23.   I found Ada in the 1900 census, she is listed as a daughter.
1900 census, Ohio, Lawrence, Symmes Twp., District 76. pg. 18 of 21.
24. Ironton Semi-Weekly Register Monday, March 15, 1921, p. 2.
25. McClure, Early Marriages in Bath Co., Ky.  Rice, Wm. & Sarah Lynam, bond 1 Jan 1827; bdsm: Wm. Smallwood.  William rice  Sally Lynam, 2 Jan 1827 (JEv)  (B2) = Second volume of Bath County Marriage returns, 1826-52, Owingsville, Ky JEv = John Evvans/Evins, MG
26. A Pronouncing, Explanatory, and Synonymous Dictionary of the English Language. by Joseph Emerson Worcester, 1855. pg. 514 "Sally  Eng.  A familiar form of Sarah. "
27. Will of Andrew Lyman  http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/y/n/William-Lynam/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0155.html
28.  1860 census

Because all footnoting is done manually on this page, it is too difficult to go back and change everything, so my secondary system is alphabetical.  If necessary my third option will be Roman numerals.

A.  Lucinda's death certificate Image on Ancestry.com
B.  Charles' death certificate Image on Family Search--Record Search--Pilot Site


Addendum:
from the Official Records of the War
The 53rd OVI at Shiloh

KY., TENN., N. MISS., N. ALA., AND SW. VA.
PITTSBURG LANDING, OR SHILOH, TENN.
OR: Chap XXII pp. 264-266.
No. 71.
Report of Lieut. Col. Robert A. Fulton, Fifty-third Ohio Infantry.
HEADQUARTERS FIFTY-THIRD OHIO VOLUNTEERS,
Camp, Shiloh, April 9, 1862.

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by my regiment in the engagements of the 6th, 7th, and 8th:
Shortly after daylight on the morning of the 6th the regiment was formed on the color line under order and direction of Colonel Appler. After remaining here for a time they were moved to the left of our camp, forming line of battle perpendicular to the first line. Soon after Colonel Appler ordered the regiment to face about and wheel to the right and take position in rear of the camp, which maneuver was executed under fire of the rebel skirmishers. The new line of battle was formed just in rear of our camp, in the edge of the woods. A section of Waterhouse's battery took position in the woods to our right. General Sherman, and staff rode up to the open held in front of the left wing, and were fired upon by the rebel skirmishers, now advancing through the thicket in front of our camp, killing an orderly.
General Sherman, riding back, ordered Colonel Appler to hold his position; he would support him. A battery opened upon us. The section of artillery on our right, after firing two shots, limbered up and went to the rear.
A line of rebel infantry advanced to within 50 yards and were fired into by the left wing and recoiled. Advancing again, they were met by a fire from the regiment, under which they again fell back. At this time Colonel Appler gave the command, "Fall back and save yourselves." Hearing this order, the regiment fell back in disorder, passing around the ranks of the Illinois Forty-ninth.
Here in connection with the company officers and the adjutant, I succeeded in rallying the regiment, and was about to station them at the crossing of the creek, above the Big Springs, to repel the force who were tuning the flank of the Fifty seventh Ohio, when Colonel Appler, by direction, he says, of a staff officer of General McClernand, moved the regiment by the left flank up the ravine and afterward by the right flank, taking position on the hill to the left of Shiloh Chapel, and near the front of General Sherman's headquarters.
The regiment remained in this position for some time exposed to a galling fire, which could not be returned without endangering the regiment in front, who were hotly engaged. Colonel Appler here abandoned the regiment, giving again the order, "Fall back and save your selves." Companies A and F, under command of Capts. W. S. Jones and J. R. Percy, with Adjutant Dawes, remained in the front, and soon after became hotly engaged, in connection with the Seventeenth Illinois. This regiment retreating, these two companies fell back after them, making as much resistance as possible. They afterwards joined the Forty-eighth Ohio, and with them aided in repelling the final assault made Sunday evening, and joined me again at night.
When the remaining eight companies of the regiment fell back I became separated from them. When I again joined them they were formed with a portion of the Seventy-seventh Ohio, under command of Maj. B. D. Fearing.
I immediately assumed command. Shortly afterwards, at the request of Captain Bouton, First Illinois Artillery, moved to a point near the siege-gun battery where he took position, with my regiment as support. Shortly; after, at about 3:30 p. m., Captain Hammond, assistant adjutant-general to General Sherman, rode up and ordered Captain Bouton's battery into position on the front and right. He called upon us to go out and support the battery. I immediately formed my men and marched out, several fragments of regiments near by refusing to go.
Marching out, probably half a mile, the battery halted, and I formed on their left. Captain Bouton opened fire and was answered by a sharp fire of shot and shell from the rebel batteries, followed by canister, which killed a number of his horses and rendered his position untenable.
A detail from my regiment, under Sergt. M. F. Bosworth, assisted in drawing off his guns. Remained here during the night, and in the morning were ordered to advance, the Eighty-first Ohio on our left and the Forty-fifth Illinois on our right.
Moved out with skirmishers well to the front for nearly a mile, when our skirmishers, under command of Lieut. B A. Starkey and Lieut. J. W. Fulton, encountered the rebel vedettes, driving them steadily until we reached the edge of the field known as McClernand's drill ground. Here a rebel battery opened upon us, doing but little damage, however, as our men were protected by the conformation of the ground. This battery was soon partially silenced by our artillery, and we were ordered to fix bayonets and charge. My men advanced in good style across the field. Nearing the battery, it was discovered to be entirely abandoned.
The line was halted, and skirmishers sent out in front reported a large rebel force rapidly advancing immediately in our front. They opened a sharp fire upon us, which was returned with good effect. Shells from a battery of our own upon our right and rear commenced bursting over our heads. The rebels, repossessing the battery from which we had once driven them, opened upon us again. The Eighty-first Ohio, upon my left, fell back across the open held. The staff officer who had taken upon himself the direction of the line rode up and twice ordered my regiment to retreat. The second time they fell back in considerable disorder, having to pass the line of fire of our own and the rebel batteries. While engaged in rallying my regiment, upon the other side of the held, General McClernand rode up and ordered me to post them as sharpshooters. Remained in this position until the advance of General Buell's troops across the field to the left closed the day in our favor, when I marched my regiment to the left, through the drill ground of our division, to Shiloh Chapel, where I was shortly afterward joined by the remainder of the brigade.
On the morning of the 8th we were ordered with the rest of the brigade to pursue the retreating army. About 5 miles out a cavalry charge was made upon the Seventy-seventh Ohio, deployed in the advance, resulting in the rout of that regiment and a battalion of the Fourth Illinois Cavalry, their immediate support. We were ordered by Colonel Hildebrand to their support, and advanced at a double quick, with fixed bayonets, driving the rebel cavalry before us, killing and wounding a number of them and forcing them to relinquish most of the prisoners taken.
Halting here, details were made from my regiment to destroy the rebel camp near at hand, to carry off the wounded, bury the dead, and collect the arms. This being accomplished, we returned to our old camp near Shiloh Chapel. The list of casualties during the 6th and 7th is as follows: Killed, 9; wounded, 44; missing, 0.*
      Seven men were slightly wounded on the 8th.
      Respectfully,
                                  R. A.. FULTON,
                      Lieutenant-Colonel, Commanding.
Lieut. S. S. MCNAUGHTON,
      Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.  


copyright August 26, 2009. All rights reserved.
Linda Trent